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Useful facts and stats about living and working in Ireland


The current population of the Republic of Ireland is 4.9 million


Average earnings:

According to the Central Statistics Office (CSO) figures for 2018, the average annual earnings for someone working full-time in Ireland was €47,596 (up 2.5% on 2017). The average earnings for part-time employees was €17,651 (up 35% on 2017).

The Information and Communication sector had the highest average total earnings at €61,269 in 2018. That is a percentage increase of 7.9% on the previous year, the largest percentage increase across all sectors.

The accommodation and food services sector had the lowest average weekly earnings in 2018, at €354.96.


National Minimum Wage:

Since 1 February 2020, the national minimum wage in Ireland is €10.10 per hour. This applies to people working full-time or part-time, and also covers temporary and casual employment. This rate is applicable to employees over 20 years of age. Reduced rates are in place for those aged between 18 and 20.


Rate of unemployment:

The unemployment rate in Ireland in Dec 2019 (seasonally adjusted) was 4.8%.


Rate of Inflation:

In June 2020, consumer prices in Ireland were down 0.4% from the previous year. The cost of housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels, transport, clothing and footwear were all lower.



Tax overview:

Most employees in Ireland pay tax through the PAYE (Pay As You Earn) system. This means that your employer deducts the tax you owe directly from your wages, and pays this tax directly to the Revenue Commissioners. You will have to pay income tax, PRSI and the Universal Social Charge on your income.

Tax credits reduce the amount of income tax that you have to pay. Your gross tax is calculated depending on your income. Tax credits are then deducted from the gross tax to give the amount of tax that you have to pay. Income tax bands will determine the rate of tax you pay on your income or salary. There are two rates of tax in Ireland: 20% on the first €35,300 earned, 40% on the remainder of your salary. 

As well as Income Tax, most workers in Ireland also have PRSI and USC deducted from their pay.

PRSI (Pay-Related Social Insurance)is a contribution to the national Social Insurance Fund that is paid by both employers and employees. There are different categories of contributions, with most employees paying 4% of their gross weekly earnings.

The USC (Universal Social Charge) is a tax on income that replaced an earlier health levy. If your income is less than €13,000, you do not pay any USC. For people with higher incomes, the following rates apply based on your salary:


Income band


Up to €12,012


From €12,012.01 to €20,484


From €20,484 to €70,044


From €70,044.01 and over


Self-employed income over €100,000

In general Ireland’s PAYE tax rates are low as compared to other European countries, however there are other taxes and charges that would probably bring Ireland up to the European average for total taxation, such as VAT @ 23% for many commonly purchased items, property tax etc.

More information on all forms of tax, including income tax, is available on the Revenue’s website at


Government Department

The Department of Business, Enterprise and Innovation implements the government’s policy on enterprise, innovation, regulation or business and the protection of workers. It administers the employment permit system in Ireland. Their website is:



The Standard Variable Mortgage rates in Ireland in July 2020 vary from rates of 3.7% to 4.85%.


Annual Leave:

An employee in Ireland is entitled to 4 working weeks paid holidays per annum. An employment contact with a specific company may allow for more leave than this.


Public Holidays:

In Ireland, public holidays are on:

  • 1st January (New Year’s Day)
  • 17th March St Patrick’s Day)
  • Easter Monday
  • First Monday in May, June and August
  • Last Monday in October
  • 25th of December (Christmas Day)
  • 26th December  (St. Stephen’s Day/Boxing day)


Redundancy in Ireland:

Redundancy can arise due to the closure of a business or a reduction in the number of staff, where your job ceases to exist. To qualify for a redundancy payment, you must have worked for your employer for at least 104 weeks continuously. The amount of the redundancy payment is determined by the employee's length of continuous service and weekly earning. An agreement can be made between the company and employee but the minimum statutory redundancy rate of two week’s pay for every year of service (above 16), plus one further week’s pay, up to a maximum weekly amount of €600. You can calculate your redundancy here:

Date Posted:
2020-07-16 12:23:29

Posted By:

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PBRecruitment Ltd, Ducart Suite, National Technology Park, Castletroy, Limerick V94 Y6FD IRELAND
PBRecruitment Ltd is a trading name of Philip Brady Recruitment Ltd, and is registered in Ireland as a private limited company (registration  No. 485423).